Mediterranean diet, sustainable diets, sustainable food systems, food consumption, food cultures, intangible cultural heritage Introduction Mediterranean dietary patterns have developed over the past or more years spreading from the Fertile Crescent 1 and influenced by the conquests of many different civilizations, the consolidated dietary rules of the three main monotheistic religions Judaism, Christianity, and Islamand continuous interactions, additions, and exchanges inside and outside the region.
These changes pose serious threats to the preservation and transmission of the Mediterranean diet heritage to present and future generations. The erosion that these threats can cause, especially the economic factor, must be countered with actions based on nutrition education, and the commitment that neither cost nor unfounded food choices cannot and should not be a barrier to the availability of basic foods of the MD: This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.
Wine in moderation is acceptable when it is not contradictory to religious and social norms 3 — 5. In the meantime, dairy products, one of the principal sources of animal protein in the MDP, providing a great extent in terms of energy consumption in the three dietary patterns.
Abstract The notion of the Mediterranean diet has undergone a progressive evolution over the past 60 years, from a healthy dietary pattern to a sustainable dietary pattern, in which nutrition, food, cultures, people, environment, and sustainability all interact into a new model of a sustainable diet.
The MD is the heritage of millennia of exchanges in the Mediterranean basin that have determined and distinguished the eating habits of the countries in this area.
Eating lower on the food chain can not only nourish people, but also the planet. Introduction Research has consistently shown that certain dietary patterns, such as the Mediterranean diet MDplay a role in chronic disease prevention Serra-Majem, et al.
Dairy products were the food groups, in the MDP, presented the maximum footprint in all four analyzed footprints since in the MDP, meat had a lower weight compared to the other patterns both in frequency and amount.
From the heart to the earth through the road of culture, the Mediterranean diet is a cultural heritage that looks to the future. Figure 2: As a result, the Mediterranean diet is an expression of the different food cultures present in the Mediterranean region, with diverse food consumption and production patterns, in continuous evolution representing the particular historical and environmental mosaic that is the Mediterranean 2.
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Unfortunately, many of these products are highly processed and high in salt and fat. Moreover, the MD has been linked to higher nutrient adequacy in both observational and intervention studies Serra-Majem, et al. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Moreover, more recent data have confirmed that in many Mediterranean countries the loss of adherence to the Mediterranean diet is continuing and increasing 22 — 30linked also to the current economic downturn Agriculture is one of the principal contributors to the emissions of the last two gases previously mentioned while other parts of the food system promote CO2 emissions, through the use of fossil fuels in processing, transportation, retailing, storage and preparation.
A greater focus on the Mediterranean diet's potential as a sustainable dietary pattern, instead than just on its well-documented healthy benefits, can contribute to its enhancement.
In what ways, if any, is it actually easier to embrace sustainable diets today than it was generations ago? Unfortunately, a myriad of factors related to the Western economy including tourism, urbanization and increased technology as well as the globalization of production and consumption, are currently leading at these countries a steady but rapid transformation in their eating habits.
The new revised Mediterranean diet pyramid was conceived as a simplified main frame to be adapted to different countries specific variations related to the various geographical, socio-economic, and cultural contexts of the contemporary Mediterranean lifestyle, taking into account also their different portions and serving sizes.
Consumer have so many more choices of foods available today than they did even 10 or 20 years ago. Figure 1: More cross-disciplinary studies on environmental, economic and socio-cultural, and sustainability dimensions of the Mediterranean diet are foreseen as a critical need.
Animal- based foods are by far the most land- and energy-intensive compared with foods of plant origin Baroni et al. Mediterranean Diet: Water consumption of certain food groups such as vegetable oils and fats or meat products would still be lower than the WDP.
Mediterranean diet staples are low on the food chain and not resource intensive — think whole grains, pulses, fruits, and veggies that grow happily in that climate — and preservation techniques like curing and sun-drying are common. The most important dietary features in terms of environmental cost are those that occur between animal-based versus plant-based diets, with a relevant influence of the different ways foods are grown, processed and transported.To present the Mediterranean diet as an example of a sustainable diet, in which nutrition, biodiversity, local food production, culture and sustainability are strongly interconnected.
In honor of Mediterranean Diet Month, we asked Dani to bring her expertise to the conversation and speak to the overlap of the Mediterranean diet and sustainability.
Check out her Q&A below.
You can also watch her TEDx Talk (mentioned above) at the bottom of the page. · A greater focus on the Mediterranean diet's potential as a sustainable dietary pattern, instead than just on its well-documented healthy benefits, can contribute to its enhancement.
More cross-disciplinary studies on environmental, economic and socio-cultural, and sustainability dimensions of the Mediterranean diet are foreseen as a critical festival-decazeville.com by: · The Mediterranean diet has been well-characterized scientifically following the pioneering Seven Countries Study conducted by Ancel Keys in the 60s.
Since then, the Mediterranean diet has been widely studied and reported to be a model of healthy eating associated with significant nutritional and health benefits (7–14).Cited by: Research continues to show the Mediterranean Diet, based on healthy foods and physical activity, is the best prescription for a long, healthy festival-decazeville.com: Kara Mayer Robinson.
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